CSS Tables

Last Updated Jul 21, 2015, 12:00:06 PM





CSS Tables

The table element in HTML is used for displaying tabular data. You can think of it as a way to describe and display data that would make sense in spreadsheet software. Essentially: columns and rows

Tables are created using the HTML elements, but we can style them using CSS. Every table can have a table heading, table rows, and columns. The data in tables are represented using rows and columns

HTML tables are created using the HTML <table> tag. You combine this tag with other tags that define each row and column within your table.

For example, take a look at the below table, this is a sample table that contains some rows and columns

Table Header 1 Table Header 2
Table cell 1 Table cell 2
Table cell 3 Table cell 4

Table Borders

Table border is used to specify the border in HTML table. The property we use is border

The example below specifies a black border for <table>, <th>, and <td> elements:

Example
Output
css table border
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Collapse Borders

The css border-collapse property is used to set whether the table borders are collapsed into a single border or seperated

The example HTML table would look like as follows

Let's take a look at how the css would look like for the above HTML table

The above example would apply the cssborder-collapse to the table and set its border as red with 3px

Output
css table border
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Table Width and Height

CSS width and height property is used to define the height and width of a table

The example below sets the width of the table to 80%, and the height of the <th> elements to 40px:

The example HTML table would look like this:

Example

Let's look at how the css code would look like for the above table using the csswidth and height property

Output
css table width and height
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Horizontal Text Alignment

If you notice, that the table headers are by default set to left. However using the csstext-align property we can set the table headers to left, right or center.
Example

The following example right-aligns the text in <th> elements:

The example HTML table would look like

Now let's look at how the css code would look like for the above table using csstext-align property

Output

If the css property is set to text-align:right then the output would look like below

Notice the table headers


css right-align

If the css property is set to text-align:left then the output would look like below


If the css property is set to text-align:center then the output would look like below


css center-align
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Vertical Text Alignment

The vertical-align property sets the vertical alignment, like top, bottom, or middle.

The following example sets the vertical text alignment to bottom for <td> elements:

The example html table would look like below:

Example

Let's look at how the css code would look like after applying the cssvertical-align property

Output
css table certical align
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Table Color

CSS table-color property is used to set the table color
Example

Let's look at the css code for the above table with css table color property

Output
css table color
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Sources and Credits

The source of the content has been referred and updated with Mozilla Foundation and W3C Organization

Last Updated Jul 21, 2015, 12:00:06 PM